Vol. 13 No. 1 (2021): Archives of Public Health (OnlineFirst)
Case Report

Superior sagittal sinus thrombosis in childhood – a case report

Aleksandra Gavrilovska-Dimovska
University Clinic for Neurosurgery; Faculty of Medicine, University Ss Ciril and Methodius, Skopje, Republic of North Macedonia
Andreja Gavrilovski
University Clinic for traumatic injuries, orthopedics, anesthesia and reanimation; Faculty of Medicine, Sts Ciril and Methodius University, Skopje, Republic of North Macedonia
Venko Filipce
University Clinic for Neurosurgery; Faculty of Medicine, University Ss Ciril and Methodius, Skopje, Republic of North Macedonia

Published 2021-02-28

Keywords

  • thrombosis,
  • conservative treatment,
  • veins of dural sinus

How to Cite

1.
Gavrilovska-Dimovska A, Gavrilovski A, Filipce V. Superior sagittal sinus thrombosis in childhood – a case report. Arch Pub Health [Internet]. 2021 Feb. 28 [cited 2021 Apr. 16];13(1):1-5. Available from: https://id-press.eu/aph/article/view/5722

Abstract

Cerebral venous sinus thrombosis (CVST) is presence of a blood clot in the dural venous sinuses. This is a rare, but dangerous condition. CSVT is characterized by a highly variable clinical spectrum, difficult diagnosis, variable etiologies and prognosis. The International Study on Cerebral Vein and Dural Sinus Thrombosis (ISCVT) determined the frequency of the sites of SCVT. The aim of this case study was to show the clinical presentation, the examination we made, the therapy that was ordinated and the outcome of the treatment. Case study: A 14-year-old male teenager was admitted to the University Clinic for Neurosurgery in Skopje with GCS 10, accompanied with tonic-clonic epileptic seizures. CT examinations by systems were made, and during the time of recording the patient was given Dormicum 2mg overall dose. CT scan of the brain showed hyperdense zones formation around superior sagittal sinus (SSS), the rest of the medical finding was normal. We ran laboratorytests and the test for hemostasisshowed deviation from the normal range. With the ordinated therapy the clinical condition of the patient drastically improved. He was discharged home 12 days after the admission. He was given a recommendation for further check-ups by a transfusiologist and regular visits to our clinic. Occlusion of the cerebral veins and dural venous sinuses may occur on the basis of local trauma, neoplasm or infection. Primary aseptic thrombosis may involve either cerebral veins or dural venous sinuses, or both in combination. The clinical picture and the prognosis of intracranial venous thrombosis probably depend largely on the location, extent, and rapidity of development of the venous occlusion. Conclusion: Superior sagittal sinus thrombosis is a condition that can be manifested with diverse and many symptoms and signs, which often can start unexpectedly and can be life-threatening.

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