Macedonian Architecture From 19th Century in The Village of Leshok, Republic of Macedonia

Main Article Content

Aleksandar Petanovski
Ivo Spiroski

Abstract

INTRODUCTION: The old rural architecture in Macedonia is insufficiently studied and in many villages is in the process of extinction, especially in Western Macedonia where there are many villages whose inhabitants have emigrated.


OBJECTIVES: The objective of this research is the folk architecture of the house in the village of Leshok, near Tetovo, and getting acquainted with the other types of objects that are part of the rural-economic yard and are inextricably linked to the daily work, life and customs of the peasant from this region.


MATERIAL AND METHODS: For analysis of the traditional architecture of the houses in the village of Leshok from the late 19th and early 20th centuries, 10 typical houses with different structure and location are chosen, which are identified and displayed by the Google Earth search engine.


RESULTS: The basic characteristics of the architecture of the village house in Leshok are explained, where the economic yard together with the economic objects are included. The functional solutions of the foundations of houses from the end of the 19th and the beginning of the 20th century are shown, the constructions used in the house of Leshok are described, as well as the materials that were used for their construction. In the end we get acquainted with the interior and the design of the premises in the old Macedonian house.


CONCLUSION: Leshok belongs to the group of mountain villages of compact type. The configuration of the terrain, the dead riverbed, dictated the way of construction, where the houses are placed one above the other and each has a clear view of the valley. In that way, the basic architectural features of the Leshok house are formed. It is a typical mountain house built of stone and wood, on two floors and with an open veranda.

Downloads

Download data is not yet available.

Plum Analytics Artifact

Article Details

How to Cite
Petanovski, A., & Spiroski, I. (2021). Macedonian Architecture From 19th Century in The Village of Leshok, Republic of Macedonia. South East European Journal of Architecture and Design, 2021, 1–7. https://doi.org/10.3889/seejad.2021.10049
Section
Articles in Architecture
Author Biography

Ivo Spiroski, Scientific Foundation SPIROSKI, Skopje, Republic of Macedonia

Ivo Spiroski graduated in 2010 at the University "Ss Cyril and Methodius", Faculty of Design and Technologies of Furniture and Interior. At the present he is attending Master of Sciences at the same Faculty in the field of Furniture and Interior Design. Two years (1999-2001) he was Director of the company Medis, Skopje. Mold design specialisation in Taipei, Taiwan (2002). He was founder and Editor-in-chief of the journal Igrach (Player). Founder and Director of ID Design 2012/DOOEL Skopje, Republic of Macedonia.

References

Boris Chipan. Stara gradska arhitektura vo Ohrid. Makedonska kniga: Skopje, 1982.

Boris Iliev. Selskata arhitektura vo Ljubojno: Skopje, 2010:25.

Jovanka Juzmeska. Arhitektura na tradicionalna makedonska kukja vo Vevchani. Master thesis: Skopje, 1-146.

Krum Tomovski, Radomir Voliljec. Stari objekti vo selo Leshok. Zavod za studii i proek-tiranje pri Arhitektonsko-gradezhen fakultet: Skopje, 1970.

Whitmeyer SJ. Google Earth and Virtual Visualizations in Geoscience Education and Research. Geological Society of America, 2012:1-468. https://doi.org/10.1130/SPE492 DOI: https://doi.org/10.1130/SPE492

Kelly L. Murdock. 3ds Max 2012 Bible. John Wiley & Sons, 2011:1296.

Markus Kuhlo, Enrico Eggert. Architectural Rendering With 3ds Max and V-Ray: Photo-realistic Visualization. Focal Press, 2010:213.

Ilija Petrushevski - Kjapunka. Seloto Leshok - Tetovsko (1019 - 2003). Publishing house "Mi - An": Skopje, 2004. 1 - 349.

Ilija Petrushevski. Leshek. Zavod za unapreduvanje na stopanstvoto vo RSM: Skopje, 1980.1 - 130.

Krum Tomovski, Radomir Voliljec. Stari objekti vo selo Leshok. Zavod za studii I proektiranje pri Arhitektonsko-gradezhen fakultet: Skopje, 1970.

Ilija Petrushevski. Leshek. Zavod za unapreduvanje na stopanstvoto vo SRM: Skopje, 1980. 1 - 130.

Sotir Tomoski. Makedonska narodna arhitektura. Tehnichki fakultet: Institut za narodna arhitektura: Skopje, 1960. 1 - 80.

Most read articles by the same author(s)