Vol. 12 No. 3 (2020): Archives of Public Health
Review

Rehabilitation treatment in patients with urinary incontinence

Cvetanka Gjerakaroska-Savevska
Institute of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation; Faculty of Medicine, Ss Cyril and Methodius University, Skopje
Erieta Nikolikj-Dimitrova
Institute of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation; Faculty of Medicine, Ss Cyril and Methodius University, Skopje
Valentina Koevska
Institute of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation; Faculty of Medicine, Ss Cyril and Methodius University, Skopje
Biljana Mitrevska
Institute of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation; Faculty of Medicine, Ss Cyril and Methodius University, Skopje
Marija Gocevska
Institute of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation; Faculty of Medicine, Ss Cyril and Methodius University, Skopje
Daniela Gecevska
Institute of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation; Faculty of Medicine, Ss Cyril and Methodius University, Skopje

Published 2020-12-15

Keywords

  • urinary incontinence,
  • exercise,
  • physical therapy,
  • rehabilitation

How to Cite

1.
Gjerakaroska-Savevska C, Nikolikj-Dimitrova E, Koevska V, Mitrevska B, Gocevska M, Gecevska D. Rehabilitation treatment in patients with urinary incontinence. Arch Pub Health [Internet]. 2020 Dec. 15 [cited 2021 Oct. 16];12(3):76-85. Available from: https://id-press.eu/aph/article/view/5609

Abstract

Urinary incontinence is the inability to control urination with spectrum of disturbances from periodical urinary leaks to complete inability to retain urine. It occurs more often in elderly and in women. Urinary incontinence has a great impact on general health and may reduce the quality of life. There are several types: stress urinary incontinence, urgent urinary incontinence, neurogenic urinary incontinence, overflow urinary incontinence. Stress urinary incontinence is the most frequent one and is due to pelvic floor muscle weakness. For assessment and treatment of these patients the individual approach is warranted. The treatment of these patients includes medications, behavioral therapy, biofeedback, pelvic floor muscle training, electrical stimulation, magnetic stimulation and surgery. Non-surgical treatment might be effective to prevent surgery. Rehabilitation treatment with pelvic floor exercises and physical modalities for patients with urinary incontinence is important for recovery of the urinary continence and improvement of quality of life in these patients.

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