Vol. 10 No. 2 (2018): Archives of Public Health
Oral Health

Correlation between DMFT of 12-year-old children and concentration of fluorine in drinking water from the Vardar region of the Republic of Macedonia

Vesna Ambarkova
Department for children and preventive dental medicine, Faculty of Dental Medicine, Ss. Cyril and Methodius University Skopje, Republic of Macedonia.

Published 2018-11-12

Keywords

  • дентален кариес,
  • школски деца,
  • вода за пиење,
  • флуор,
  • КЕП индекс

How to Cite

1.
Амбаркова В. Correlation between DMFT of 12-year-old children and concentration of fluorine in drinking water from the Vardar region of the Republic of Macedonia. Arch Pub Health [Internet]. 2018 Nov. 12 [cited 2022 Sep. 30];10(2):5-13. Available from: https://id-press.eu/aph/article/view/2236

Abstract

The aim of this study was to determine the correlation between DMFT (decayed, missing and filled teeth) index of 12-year-old children and the concentration of fluorine in drinking water from the areas where children live. Material and methods: The study included 85 children from 2 central and 2 regional primary schools, in whom DMFT index was determined. The children live in 2 different cities and 2 different villages. Four water samples were taken from the examined areas to determine the fluorine concentration by electrochemical method using pH / ISE meter-Thermo-Orion with a special F-electrode (Thermo Orion Ion Plus Fluoride Electrode) at the Institute for Public Health. Spearman"˜s method was used to determine the correlation between the specified variables. Results: The total number of children in the examined sample was 85, of which 45 (52.94%)   were male and 40 (47.06%)   were female. The average DMFT index in this group of children was 2.75  with a standard deviation of ± 2.56. Maximum concentration of fluorine in drinking water of 0.39 ppmF was determined in the village Vinichani, while minimum (0.17 ppmF)  in the city of Veles and (0.20 ppmF) in the village of Melnica. Correlation of DMFT index in the 12-year-old children from  the Vardar region and the concentration of fluorine in the drinking water had a negative, indirect correlation, with the value of the coefficient r  =- 0,393. Conclusions: The correlation between DMFT index and  the concentration of drinking water is a negative, indirect and highly statistically significant (p<0.01).

Downloads

Download data is not yet available.

References

  1. Pizzo G, Piscopo MR, Pizzo I, Giuliana G. Community water fluoridation and caries prevention: A critical review. Clin Oral Invest 2007; 11:189-93.
  2. Kulkarni SS, Deshpande SD. Caries prevalence and treatment needs in 11-15 year old children of Belgaum city. J Indian Soc Pedo Prev Dent 2002; 20:12-15.
  3. Devaranavadagi BB, Satishkumar, Chandrakanth KH. Fluoride- A double edged sword. Anal Med 2007;10:12.
  4. Sharma A, Gupta A, Gupta S. Dental caries prevalence in endemic fluoride areas of Haryana State, India. J Indian Dent Assoc 1998;69:97-99.
  5. Царчев М, Ѓорѓев Д, Нечева Љ, Доцевска В, Филјански П. Флуорот во водата за пиење и кариес фреквенцијата во ендемски подрачја на Македонија. Мак Стом Преглед 1992;16(1):51-57.
  6. WHO: Guidelines for drinking water quality. 4th ed. 2011. Available from:
  7. www.who.int/docstorewater sanitation health/GDWQ/Updating/draftguid.htm
  8. Markovic N, Muratbegovic AA. Oral health in Bosnia and Herzegovina Schoolchildren-Findings of first national survey. Austin J Dermatol. 2014;1(3):4.
  9. Hysi D, Droboniku E, Toti Ç, Xhemnica L, Petrela E. Dental caries experience and oral health behavior among 12-year-olds in the city of Tirana, Albania. Oral Health and Dental Management in the Black Sea Countries, 2010;9(4):229-234.
  10. Djuričković M, Ivanović M. Stanje oralnog zdravja kod dece uzrasta od 12 godina u Crnoj Gori. Vojnosanit Pregl 2011; 68 (7): 550-555.
  11. Matijević S. Povezanost navika u zdravlju i prisustvo oralne patologije kod dece u Crnoj Gori. Acta Stomatologica Naissi 2009; 25(59):869-882.
  12. WHO: Fluorine & Fluorides. Environmental Health Criteria 36, World Health Organization, Geneva; 1984.
  13. Ѓорѓев Д, Нечева Љ, Фиљански П, Колевска Л, Пасху М, Царчев М, Доцевска В. Некои аспекти на нутритивниот и стоматолошкиот статус кај школски деца во ендемско-флуоротични зони во СР Македонија. Мак Мед Преглед 1989; (3-4):83-85.
  14. Тавчиовски И, Рафајловски Р, Стевановиќ М, Кедеров П, Стојановски Ј, Ников Б. Повеќекратно испитување на соодносот помеѓу забниот кариес и флуор концентрацијата во водата за пиење. Мак Стом Преглед 1979;III(4):209-214.
  15. Ambarkova V, Topitsoglou V, Iljovska S, Jankulovska M, Pavlevska M. Fluorine Content of Drinking Water in Relation to the Geological-Petrographical Formations From FYROM. Balk. J. Stom 2007; 11:163-166.
  16. Амбаркова В, Topitsoglou V, Иљовска С, Царчев M. Природно флуорирани води за пиење од Р. Македонија. Мак. Стом. Преглед 2005; 29 (3-4): 177-182.
  17. Колевска Л, Фиљански П, Цветкоска Т, Ѓoрѓев Д, Mитриќеска M. Содржина на флуор во водите за пиење во С.Р.Македонија. Мак. Мед. Преглед 1985; 3-4:103-106.
  18. Narbutaité J, Vehkalahti MM, Milciuviené S. Dental fluorosis and dental caries among 12-year-old children from high- and low-fluoride areas in Lithuania. Eur J Oral Sci 2007; 115 (2):137-42.
  19. Амбаркова В, Topitsoglou V, Иљовска С, Сијакова-Иванова T, Јанкуловска M, Павлевска M, Кокочева O. Релацијата меѓу содржината на флуор во водата и геолошките формации. Мак Стом Преглед 2008; 32 (1-2): 1-7.
  20. Царчев М, Милошевски Б, Спирковски В, Гетова Б, Саракинова О, Павлевска М, Нечаковска Т, Јаневска С, Џафери А, Аљиљи Ш, Созовска Е, Петановски Х, Амбаркова В. Прирачник за спроведување на националната стратегија за превенција на оралните заболувања кај децата од 0-14 год. Во Република Македонија. Министерство за здравство, Сектор за стоматолошка здравствена заштита. Скопје, 2010.
  21. Wennhall I, Norlund A, Matsson L, Twetman S. Cost-analysis of an oral health outreach program for preschool children in a low socioeconomic multicultural area in Sweden. Swed Dent J 2010;34(1):1-7.
  22. Johansson I, Holgerson PL, Kressin NR, Nunn ME, Tanner AC. Snacking habits and caries in young children. Caries Res 2010;44(5):421-430.
  23. Bruno-Ambrosius K, Swanholm G, Twetman S. Eating habits, smoking and toothbrushing in relation to dental caries: a 3-year study in Swedish female teenagers. Int J Paediatr Dent 2005;15(3):190-6.
  24. Adair PM, Pine CM, Burnside G, Nicoll AD, Gillett A, Anwar S, et al. Familial and cultural perceptions and beliefs of oral hygiene and dietary practices among ethnically and socio-economically diverse groups. Community Dent Health 2004;21(1 Suppl):102-111.
  25. Mattila ML, Rautava P, Aromaa M, Ojanlatva A, Paunio P, Hyssala L, et al. Behavioural and demographic factors during early childhood and poor dental health at 10 years of age. Caries Res 2005;39(2):85-91.
  26. Poutanen R, Lahti S, Seppa L, Tolvanen M, Hausen H. Oral health related knowledge, attitudes, behavior, and family characteristics among Finnish schoolchildren with and without active initial caries lesions. Acta Odontol Scand 2007; 65(2):87-96.
  27. World Health Organization. The World Health Report 2002. Reducing risks, Promoting Healthy Life. Geneva: World Health Organization, 2002.
  28. Barmes DE. Indicators for oral health and their implications for developing countries. Int Dent J 1983, 33:60-66.