Vol. 11 No. 1 (2019): Archives of Public Health
Public Health

The correlation between the DMFT of the 12-year-old children and the concentration of fluorine in drinking water from the Southeast region of the Republic of Macedonia

Vesna Ambarkova
Department for preventive and pediatric dentistry, Faculty of Dental Medicine, University Ss.Cyril & Methodius, Skopje, Republic of North Macedonia
Mira Jankulovska
Department for preventive and pediatric dentistry, Faculty of Dental Medicine, University Ss.Cyril & Methodius, Skopje, Republic of North Macedonia
Mihail Kocubovski
Institute of public health of Republic of North Macedonia, Skopje, Republic of North Macedonia
Vladimir Popovski
Clinic of Maxillofacial surgery, University Clinic Center " Mother Theresa”, Skopje, Republic of North Macedonia
Mirjana Popovska
Department of oral pathology and periodontology, Faculty of Dental Medicine, University Ss.Cyril & Methodius, Skopje, Republic of North Macedonia

Published 2019-04-06

Keywords

  • dental caries,
  • school children,
  • drinking water,
  • fluoride,
  • DMFT index,
  • oral epidemiology
  • ...More
    Less

How to Cite

1.
Амбаркова В, Јанкуловска М, Кочубовски М, Поповски В, Поповска М. The correlation between the DMFT of the 12-year-old children and the concentration of fluorine in drinking water from the Southeast region of the Republic of Macedonia. Arch Pub Health [Internet]. 2019 Apr. 6 [cited 2022 May 18];11(1):58-67. Available from: https://id-press.eu/aph/article/view/2855

Abstract

The aim of this study was to determine the correlation between the DMFT (Decayed, Missing, Filling Teeth) index of 12-year-old children from the Southeast region of R. Macedonia and the concentration of fluorine in drinking water from the populated areas where children live. Material and methods: A total of 129 children from 2 central and 2 regional primary schools were enrolled in the examination, and the DMFT index was determined in these children. They live in 2 different cities and 2 different villages. Four water samples were taken from the examined area to determine the fluorine concentration by the electrochemical method using the pH / ISE meter-Thermo-Orion with a special F-electrode (Thermo Orion Ion Plus Fluoride Electrode) at the Institute for Public Health. Spearman's method was used to determine the correlation between the specified variables. Results: The total number of children in the examined sample was 129, of whom 70 (54.3%) were male and 59 (45.7%) were female. The average DMFT index in this group of children was 1.94, with a standard deviation of ± 2.5. Maximum concentration of fluorine in drinking water of 1.36 ppmF was determined in the village Bansko, and 0.36 ppmF in the village Murtino, while the minimum (0.08 ppmF) in the city of Strumica. Correlation of the DMFT index in 12-year-old children from the Southeast region and the concentration of fluorine in the drinking water had a negative, indirect correlation, with the value of the coefficient r = - 0.1655. Conclusion: The correlation between the DMFT index and the concentration of drinking water is a negative, indirect correlation, and statistically, this correlation is highly significant (p<0.05).

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