Interdisciplinary approach and therapy plan in patients with oligodontia
- interdisciplinary approach
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Oligodontia is a rare developmental dental anomaly in humans characterized by the absence of six or more teeth. In European populations the estimated prevalence of both syndromic and non- syndromic oligodontia is 0.14%. Clinical features of oligodontia include six or more missing teeth, lack of development of maxillary and mandibular alveolar bone height and reduced lower facial height. Variation in tooth morphology, anomalies of the enamel, reduced size and aberrant form, delayed eruption have also been observed. Oligodontia is also associated with reduced salivary secretion rates. These bring a functional and esthetic limitations and impact on emotional well-being. The aim of this study was to present a case of a 12-year-old girl with oligodontia and therapeutic procedures for orthodontic-prosthetic rehabilitation and normal orofacial function. A multidisciplinary approach that includes orthodontic and prosthetic therapy is often necessary for dental management in young patients with oligodontia. Oral rehabilitation and maintenance care in individuals with many missing permanent teeth is a long-standing commitment that requires involvement of different specialists. Methods used are age-dependent, and early diagnosis is crucial. Orthodontic treatment, autotransplantation, dental implants, avoiding tooth preparations, and partial prosthetic dentures are treatment choices.
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