Vol. 12 No. 1 (2020): Archives of Public Health
Public Health

Health risk assessment of drinking water in correlation with water-related diseasess

Mihail Kocubovski
Institute of public health of Republic of North Macedonia, Skopje, Republic of North Macedonia
Aleksandra Stambolieva
Institute of public health of Republic of North Macedonia, Skopje, Republic of North Macedonia
Aneta Kostova
Institute of public health of Republic of North Macedonia, Skopje, Republic of North Macedonia
Elena Chibisheva
Institute of public health of Republic of North Macedonia, Skopje, Republic of North Macedonia
Zarko Karadzovski
Institute of public health of Republic of North Macedonia, Skopje, Republic of North Macedonia

Published 2020-01-17

Keywords

  • drinking water,
  • health risk assessment,
  • safety,
  • water related diseases

How to Cite

1.
Kocubovski M, Stambolieva A, Kostova A, Chibisheva E, Karadzovski Z. Health risk assessment of drinking water in correlation with water-related diseasess. Arch Pub Health [Internet]. 2020 Jan. 17 [cited 2021 Dec. 4];12(1):40-8. Available from: https://id-press.eu/aph/article/view/4324

Abstract

Healthy and safe drinking water in sufficient quantities provided to consumers improves living conditions, raises health culture at a higher level and promotes the environment as a whole. The aim is to see if there is a correlation between irregular water samples with intestinal infectious diseases related to drinking water. Materials and method. The preparation of the Republic Computer Program (1996) for issuing laboratory findings (RCP) from the analyses of samples of drinking water (physico-chemical and bacteriological), in accordance with the methodology for application of ID numbers in the computer system in the Public Health Centers has created the possibility of complete health records of drinking water supply facilities under health surveillance for the territory of the entire Republic. Evaluation has been made of the results of basic physicо-chemical and bacteriological analyses of drinking water in the settlements of the Republic of North Macedonia and the water-related diseases – waterborne intestinal infectious diseases in the period 2014-2018. Results. Drinking water from city water supply in the examined period in terms of physico-chemical analysis ranged 2.9-4.3%, while in relation to bacteriological analysis 0.9-2.6%.. Waterborne intestinal infectious diseases show a decline in their incidence in 2018. Conclusion. The registered data from the physicо-chemical and bacteriological analysis showed that the drinking water from the city water supply systems in the period 2014-2018 was safe. According to the processed data, access to safe drinking water for the population was 97% by 2018, which ranks the country in the group of countries in the world with the highest access to safe drinking water, and there is no significant connection with drinking water related diseases.

Downloads

Download data is not yet available.

References

  1. Ѓорѓев Д, Кочубовски М, Кендровски В, Ристовска Г. Хигиена и здравствена екологија. Скопје: Медицински факултет, 2008; 71-108.
  2. Sustainable development goals. Available from: https://sustainabledevelopment.un.org/?menu=1300. Посетено на 16.06.2019
  3. The human right to water and sanitation. Available from: https://www.un.org/waterforlifedecade/human_right_to_water.shtml. Посетено на 16.06.2019
  4. Правилник за безбедноста на водата (Службен весник на РМ бр. 46/08).
  5. Правилник за барања за безбедност и квалитет на водата за пиење (Службен весник на РМ бр. 183/18).
  6. Извештај за реализација на националната годишна програма за јавно здравје во Република Македонија за 2014 година.
  7. Извештај за реализација на националната годишна програма за јавно здравје во Република Македонија за 2015 година.
  8. Извештај за реализација на националната годишна програма за јавно здравје во Република Македонија за 2016 година.
  9. Извештај за реализација на националната годишна програма за јавно здравје во Република Македонија за 2017 година.
  10. Извештај за реализација на националната годишна програма за јавно здравје во Република Македонија за 2018 година.
  11. Закон за заштита на населението од заразни болести (Службен весник на РМ бр. 66/04 и 149/14).
  12. World Health Organization. Technical guidance on water-related disease surveillance. Copenhagen; 2011: 78-91.
  13. World Health Organization. Policy guidance on water-related disease surveillance. Copenhagen; 2011: 1-28.
  14. Светска здравствена организација и Министерство за здравство на РСМ. Поврзаноста на климатските промени и инфективните заболувања - Прирачник за здравствени работници. Скопје; 2011: 13-20. CIP 613.1:616.9(035).