- total hip endoprosthesis,
- alendronate therapy,
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Copyright (c) 2021 Ilir Shabani, Antonio Gavrilovski, Vilijam Velkovsk, Nenad Atanasov, Shaban Memeti, Anila Belchishta
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.
The development of aloarthroplasty of the hip is continuously rising. After implantation of a total cement-free hip endoprosthesis, often there is a periprosthetic femoral bone loss. Alendronate has been shown to be a potent inhibitor of bone resorption activity; it inhibits osteoclastic bone resorption, increases bone mass, and plays a significant role in post-implantation stabilization of the femur. The aim of this study was to determine the effect of alendronate on osteointegration of hip endoprosthesis.Material and methods: The study analyzed 10 patients operated on with implantation of a total cement-free hip endoprosthesis (THP). The included patients were examined by a radiographic method at 6 and 12 months and DXA method at 6 and 12 months. Results: The study showed differences in the values of bone mineral density and bone mineral content in the interval between 6 and 12 months in patients undergoing THP, and hence we can conclude that alendronate therapy after THP implantation reduced periprosthetic loss of bone mass and implant stiffening. Alendronate is a proven inhibitor of periprosthetic bone loss that occurs after prirmary impantation of a total cement-free hip endoprosthesis.
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