Еvaluation of the oral health status in geriatric patients
- oral health,
- soft oral tissues,
How to Cite
Copyright (c) 2021 Aneta Mijoska, Gordana Kovachevska, Sasho Jovanovski, Емилија Бајрактарова-Валјакова, Vesna Jurukovska Sotarovska, Blagoja Dastevski, Marjan Petkov, Efka Zabokova-Bilbilova, Daniela Srbinovska, Vesna Trpevska
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The geriatric population in R. Macedonia presents a specific group that needs continuous evaluation of their oral health. According to WHO data in 2010, 12 % of the population was aged 65+ years in Macedonia. Aging is the process with different specific changes in all systems and organs, including the orofacial system. The most common conditions associated with age in the geriatric population are teeth loss, parodontopathy, precancerous lesions and oral carcinomas, xerostomia, resorption of the residual alveolar ridge, and overall dysfunction of the orofacial system. There is a great influence of the performed prosthodontic therapy in geriatric patients on the overall and general health. The aim of this study was to evaluate the condition of the soft tissues in geriatric patients, especially in patients with prosthodontic treatments, their oral health, and the influence of oral health on life quality. Мaterial and methods: Оbservational cross-sectional study was conducted in geriatric patients and Geriatric Oral Health Assessment Index (GOHAI) was used for self-assessment of their oral health and the impact of oral conditions and performed dental treatment on quality of life. Results: Participants witha mean age of 72.88 years reported several general and systemic diseases, and the main risk factors for their oral mucosal changes were smoking and drinking alcohol. Total anodontiа was observed in 37.5% of respondents and partial anodontia in 62.5%. The average period of wearing dentures was 7.8 years. The total scoreof the quality of life and oral health of the respondents varied in the interval 1.93 ± 0.65, and the average value in the subjects with prosthetic constructions for p> 0.05 (p = 0.19) was slightly higher in relation to the subjects without any prosthodontic device. Conclusion: GOHAI-12 score in the study had a low value, less than 50 indicated that the respondents were in poor oral health. According to the results of the self-assessment, there was a weak to moderate perception of oral health. An integrated approach is needed to achieve a critical positive level of general and oral health in geriatric patients
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