Vol. 12 No. 3 (2020): Archives of Public Health
Public Health

Influence of family socioeconomic status on practicing regular physical activity among young people

Darijan Trajanov
Association of Research, Support and Development Promo Health, Skopje, Republic of North Macedonia
Elena Kjosevska
Faculty of Medicine, Ss Cyril and Methodius University, Skopje
Beti Zafirova Ivanovska
Faculty of Medicine, Ss Cyril and Methodius University, Skopje

Published 2020-12-15

Keywords

  • socioeconomic status,
  • youth,
  • physical activity

How to Cite

1.
Trajanov D, Kjosevska E, Zafirova Ivanovska B. Influence of family socioeconomic status on practicing regular physical activity among young people . Arch Pub Health [Internet]. 2020 Dec. 15 [cited 2021 Dec. 7];12(3):30-8. Available from: https://id-press.eu/aph/article/view/5613

Abstract

Physical activity is one of the key factors in protecting and promoting peoples’ health of all ages around the world.Healthy lifestyle that includes physical activity,  healthy food and appropriate health education will creating healthy young people, who will have  a healthy and long life. The aim of the paper was to determine if there was a link between socioeconomic status in the family and practicing regular physical activity among young people. Materials and Methods: This was a descriptive-analytical study. It included 316 students in the second and third year of the study program for general medicine at the Faculty of Medicine at UKIM in Skopje. Results and Discussion: Students who practiced moderate physical activity came from families with monthly incomes higher than 30,000 denars or it was 48.4% compared to 34.65% of students who came from families with monthly incomes lower than 30,000 denars. There was a weak positive correlation between the monthly income of students' families and the practice of physical activity, R=0.21, p=0.002. Conclusion: The financial situation in the family has a main role in practicing physical activity. Therefore, with the increase of the family budget, the days when the students are physically active increase, too.

Downloads

Download data is not yet available.

References

1.WHO. Noncommunicable diseases and their risk factors. Available from: https://www.who.int/ncds/introduction/en/Accessed: 10.07.2020
2.WHO. Obesity and overweight. Available from: https://www.who.int/en/news-room/fact-sheets/detail/obesity-and-overweight Accessed: 10.07.2020
3.Kljajic Dj. Medicina, zdravlje i zivotni stil. (14,15,16). I deo. Beograd – Vankuver, 2010. [ISBN 978-86-7804-273-7]
4.THE WORLD BANK. Nearly half the world lives on less than $5.50 a day. Available from: https://www.worldbank.org/en/news/press-release/2018/10/17/nearly-half-the-world-lives-on-less-than-550-a-day Accessed: 15.08.2020
5.Wang J, Geng L. Effects of Socioeconomic Status on Physical and Psychological Health: Lifestyle as a Mediator. International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health 2019, 16, 281; doi:10.3390/ijerph16020281.
6. Kivimäk M, Batty DG, Pentti J, Shipley JM, Sipilä NP, Nyberg TS, et al. Association between socioeconomic status and the development of mental and physical health conditions in adulthood: a multi-cohort study. Lancet Public Health 2020;5(3):e140-e149.
7. WHO. Universal health coverage (UHC). Available from: https://www.who.int/news-room/fact-sheets/detail/universal-health-coverage-(uhc) Accessed: 20.08.2020
8. WHO. Global Physical Activity Questionnaire (GPAQ). Available at: https://www.who.int/ncds/surveillance/steps/GPAQ_EN.pdf Accessed: 20.08.2020
9. Тозија Ф, Ѓорѓев Д, Ќосевска Е, Кендровски В. Глобално истражување за здравје на адолесцентите. 2007/2008 ISBN [978-9989-716-70-6]

10. WHO. Physical activity. Available from: https://www.who.int/news-room/fact-sheets/detail/physical-activity Accessed: 01.09.2020

11. Guthold R, Stevens AG, Riley ML, Bull CF. Global trends in insufficient physical activity among adolescents:a pooled analysis of 298 population-based surveys with 1·6 million participants. Lancet Public Health 2020;4(1):23-35.

12. Langlois J, Omorou YA, Vuillemin A, Briançon S, Lecomte. Association of socioeconomic, school-related and family factors and physical activity and sedentary behaviour among adolescents: multilevel analysis of the PRALIMAP trial inclusion data. BMC Public Health (2017) 17:175
13. Институт за јавно здравје на Република Северна Македонија. 10-Мај Светски ден на физичката активност Достапно на:https://www.iph.mk/10-maj-svetski-den-na-fizicka-aktivnost/Пристапено на: 10.09.2020
14. Институт за јавно здравје на Република Северна Македонија. Извештај за здравјето на населението во Република Македонија за 2017 година Достапно на: http://iph.mk/wp-content/uploads/2014/09/Izvestaj-za-zdravje-2017-so-cip1.pdf Пристапено на: 11.09.2020
15. WHO. Global recommendations on physical activity for health. Available at: https://apps.who.int/iris/bitstream/handle/10665/44399/9789241599979_eng.pdf?sequence=1&isAllowed=y Accessed: 11.09.2020

16. WHO. More active people for a healthier world. Available from: https://apps.who.int/iris/bitstream/handle/10665/272722/9789241514187-eng.pdf?Accessed: 13.09.2020