Vol. 13 No. 1 (2021): Archives of Public Health
Public Health

Prevention of Coronavirus infections SARS-CoV-2 in dental practice

Lidushka Vasilevska
Institute of public health of Republic of North Macedonia, Skopje, Republic of North Macedonia
Elena Kjosevska
Institute of public health of Republic of North Macedonia, Skopje, Republic of North Macedonia
Tanja Lekovska-Stoicovska
Institute of public health of Republic of North Macedonia, Skopje, Republic of North Macedonia

Published 2021-06-10

Keywords

  • coronavirus SARS-CoV-2,
  • epidemic,
  • oral health,
  • prevention,
  • dental care

How to Cite

1.
Vasilevska L, Kjosevska E, Lekovska-Stoicovska T. Prevention of Coronavirus infections SARS-CoV-2 in dental practice. Arch Pub Health [Internet]. 2021 Jun. 10 [cited 2021 Sep. 26];13(1):14-31. Available from: https://id-press.eu/aph/article/view/5992

Abstract

The COVID-19 pandemic is an unprecedented global crisis in public health. Professionals in dental institutions, dental associations and regulatory bodies face various challenges in providing dental care and prevention of oral health of the population, as well as protection of patients and practitioners from the health threat of SARS-CoV-2 virus. The aim of this paper is to present the current findings and views regarding the information on the epidemiological and clinical characteristics of the SARS-CoV-2 virus and the need to implement protocols to protect patients and dental practitioners from the health threat posed by the virus, in compliance with medically relevant regulations.Material and methods: References from WHO, FDI and published papers in international scientific journals in this relatively short period were consulted and they presented: updated epidemiological and seroepidemiological information, review of response measures implemented in EU countries / EEA, UK and countries around the world and response options to minimize the risk of recurrence of COVID-19. Results: Viral pneumonia that appeared on February 11, 2020, was named "Coronavirus (COVID 19)" by the WHO, while the International Committee on Taxonomy of Viruses (ICTV) proposed the name "SARS-CoV-2" for phylogenetic and taxonomic analysis of this corona virus. Dentists/doctors of dental medicine should be familiar with transmission of SARS-CoV-2, how to identify patients with SARS-CoV-2 infection and what measures should be taken for protection during the intervention in order to prevent its transmission. There are recommendations for infection control measures that should be followed by the dentists/doctors of dental medicine. The fact that aerosols and drops have been considered for major SARS-CoV-2 propagation routes has been emphasized. If these measures are not undertaken, then the dental office can potentially expose patients to cross-infection.

Conclusion: The epidemiological situation around the world is changing dynamically, but patients should not be left without urgent medical help. Oral health team members are required to update their knowledge and skills regarding the prevention, diagnosis and management of communicable diseases that can be transmitted in a clinical setting and to stick to the standard precautions to protect patients from infections as well as protect themselves.

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