Vol. 15 No. 2 (2023): Arch Pub Health
Oral Health

Nutritional habits as risk factors for dental caries in children from rural and urban areas in Skopje

Aneta Lazarova
1Health Center, Department of Pediatric and Preventive Dentistry, Skopje, Republic of North Macedonia
Olga Kokoceva-Ivanovska
Department of Pediatric and Preventive Dentistry; Faculty of Dentistry, Ss. Cyril and Methodius University in Skopje, Republic of North Macedonia

Published 2023-12-30

Keywords

  • dental caries,
  • nutrition,
  • oral health,
  • children

How to Cite

1.
Lazarova A, Kokoceva-Ivanovska O. Nutritional habits as risk factors for dental caries in children from rural and urban areas in Skopje. Arch Pub Health [Internet]. 2023 Dec. 30 [cited 2024 Mar. 2];15(2). Available from: https://id-press.eu/aph/article/view/6109

Abstract

Proper nutrition is a long-term investment in one’s own health. Oral health as an integral part of general health is in bidirectional relationship with diet and nutrition. Globalization and urbanization have led to nutrition transition from a traditional agriculturally-based diet to consumption of processed foods that are high in sugar. Children have been particularly affected by this change. The aim of this study was to investigate the association between specific nutritional and hygiene habits and the development of caries in children from urban and rural areas. The study was conducted in December 2019 and comprised children aged 6 years. A survey was made and children’s dental status was tested. The results obtained showed a higher percentage of healthy deciduous (50%) and permanent (35%) teeth in children from rural areas than in children from urban area. Both groups had similar habits in terms of cariogenic and cariostatic food intake, but there were differences in children's hygiene habits.

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